Type and Function of Car Suspension

Hasil gambar untuk suspensi pada mobil

Suspension is designed on your car that not only to reduce shocks, but also to improve the stability of your car, and increase the wheel traction to the road.

Suspension consists of spring, shock absorber, stabilizer, link stabilizer or active stabilizer. Suspensions are categorized in several  types such as free type, multilink, five links, machpherson, double wishbone, or torsion beam.

The type of suspension used in each vehicle depends on the class and its usage requirements of each vehicle. Follow the following reviews, to get to know the character and functionality of each suspension design.

Torque Beam

As in the small car segment, such as Honda Jazz, Suzuki Swift and Kia Rio, using torsion beam. The reason is because the factor to suppress the production price, easy to repair and proven in the class of cars has produced a fairly good quality control. Disadvantages of the torsion beam design, generally kick it feels a bit hard, especially when crossing a rather curly road surface.

Rigid Suspension

Rigid suspension

In the rigid type suspension type, the left and right wheels are connected to a single axle. The axle is connected to the body and the frame through the spring (leaf springs or coil spring). Rigid suspension is widely used in commercial  vehicles such as buses and trucks, alias because of its strong and simple design construction. Especially when carrying heavy loads and traversing unfavorable road surface conditions.

Independent Suspension

In the independent suspension design, the left and right wheels are not connected directly to a single axle. The effects of the concept of the structure can move freely without mutual influence, which can produce a fairly good degree of precision control, especially when crossing a bumpy road surface, because the type of suspension can adjust quickly to changes in wheel rotation and road contours. That can automatically further increase the traction of the wheels into the road. The advantages of this type of suspension can absorb vibration more optimally, and maximize the braking force, and maintain the geometric position between the body and the wheels.


This type of multi-link suspension is equipped with three or more arms. Metal construction connections from various locations are connected to various locations and adopted to manipulate the movement that occurs in your car body. Multilink suspension is considered very complex and for the tuning process required a computerized system that can display 3-dimensional images in real time. The advantages of this type of suspension can produce a fairly soft kick, especially when crossing a bumpy road surface and excellent quality control. For premium-class vehicles such as Audi or Mercedes carried by the type of suspension Multilink that can support the shock and eliminate symptoms of body roll on the body of the vehicle to its full potential.

Double Wishbone

The double wishbone suspension is carried by a construction that uses 2 barrings above and below. The advantages of this type of suspension, how much movement that occurs in the suspension in your car, the movement of the car body and the angle of the steering wheel remains  stable. Thus, the symptoms of body roll during fast cornering can be further minimized, including at the time of sudden braking, dive or dive symptoms can be withheld by the suspension by double wishbone suspension.

Spring  Leaf

This type of suspension per leaf has several advantages, one of which is its flexibility to be adjusted as needed by adding or reducing its blades per as well as its thickness level. So that level of softness or violence per can be arranged as needed. But in fact many factors then require that per is rolled back as needed, “